Demonstration City

Kigali

The demonstration in Rwanda focuses on integrating the public bus system with electrified feeder-services provided by 30 e-moto taxis (20 new and 10 remodelled) and 100 e-bikes that support first/last mile connectivity and discourage motorised transport.


As a first step, SOLUTIONSplus supports 50 shared e-bikes provided by start-up Guraride and 10 e-moto taxis by Ampersand, another start-up. Further support will increase the number of vehicles, alongside the corresponding needed charging infrastructure. The demonstration project is also testing the establishment of an e-bike sharing scheme along the most widely used bus corridors, with charging provided by dispatchers or battery swapping with mobile lockers.


To further support the first and last mile dimension, a Mobility-as-a-Service application is proposed and designed in cooperation with the transport regulatory authority and transport & IT providers.


“In Kigali, we have given strong signals to support active mobility in planning documents, as we intend to design a green city. For instance, we will develop a city-wide NMT network. We have started implementing cycle lanes in different parts of the city, and we will install racks where people can park their bicycles. If you walk around the City Hall, you will see the important work we are doing to improve the quality of the Imbuga City Walk that is the Car Free Zone: we are installing benches, kids’ playground, kiosks and food courts, etcetera.” - Asaba Katabarwa Emmanuel, City Engineer of the City of Kigali.

 
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Component 1: Electric bikeshare

Selected start-up
•Guraride

Current status
•Pilot with conventional bicycles launched
•Two functional corridors
•Identification of further cycle lanes
•Policy Advice Paper pushing for e-bikes
•Training on e-bikeshare in China
•Conversation with EU industry on charging systems

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Component 2: Electric moto-taxis

​Selected start-up
•Ampersand

Current status
•Technical assistance mission on gender-inclusion contracted by UN-Habitat
•Data collection
•Connection with investors and asset financiers
•Support to the application to the NAMA facility for funding to e-motos & e-buses

 

Downloads

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Factsheet Kigali

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Background Information Kigali

Interview

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Working Paper: Impact Assessment

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User Needs Assessment

 

E-mobility for last-mile connectivity

The demonstration action of the SOLUTIONSplus project in Kigali focuses on electric mobility for last-mile connectivity. It has a systemic approach integrating public transport bus services with electrified feeder services provided by electric moto-taxis and electric shared bicycles.

As a first step, the projects supports 50 shared e-bikes provided by Guraride and 10 e-moto taxis by Ampersand. Further support will increase the number of vehicles, alongside the corresponding needed charging infrastructure. A gender-inclusive dimension is central to the e-moto taxi component, reviewing conditions for the involvement of women in transport provision. This will ensure that at least 30 women are supported to obtain a driving license to drive an e-moto. The demonstration project is also testing the establishment of an e-bike sharing scheme along the most widely used bus corridors, with charging provided by dispatchers or battery swapping with mobile lockers.

To further support the first and last mile dimension, a Mobility-as-a-Service application is proposed and designed in cooperation with the transport regulatory authority and transport & IT providers.

Alongside this connectivity dimension, the SOLUTIONSplus project in Kigali supports the analysis of the feasibility to transition to electric buses. To that end, SolutionsPlus partners cooperate with stakeholders involved in bus electrification in Kigali and provide their technical expertise. Expectedly, the project will create a good precursor to public transport electrification in Kigali.

Finally, the SOLUTIONSplus project, via the creation of a dedicated position with the City of Kigali, supports the creation of an e-mobility technical committee. Its purpose is to enable deeper coordination between public entities, but also with the private sector and representatives of civil society. The support of SOLUTIONSplus is reinforced by ad-hoc capacity building and policy advice on policies and next steps to scale-up e-mobility in Kigali.

 

Trends and drivers

The main form of public transportation throughout Rwanda and in Kigali is the minibus system, which runs both scheduled and unscheduled services according to a shared taxi system. Vehicle number is increasing in Rwanda; and by 2030, it is projected that the annual increase in vehicles will reach 16.5% from the current 12%, and light-duty vehicles will increase by 20%. Rwanda’s CO2 emissions per capita is estimated at 0.074 metric tons in 2014; and in Kigali, the transport sector is said to contribute about 52% of CO2 emissions. 
 
In response to these trends, the City of Kigali and RURA have made tremendous efforts to reorganize the city’s public transport system. The city currently runs a well organized bus system on regular shifts. Kigali is also promoting electric mobility by testing the use of electric motorbikes, known as e-moto. The aim is to provide a low cost and environmentally friendly mode of transport, mainly for motorcycle taxi riders. This initiative is being driven by private investors such as Ampersand which is an electric vehicle company with the mission to develop “mass-market shifts from petrol vehicles to direct, cheaper, better electric replacements”. Also, the German car maker Volkswagen is set to establish an assembly plant in Rwanda with first productions expected in 2019. The company also has plans for the manufacturing of electric cars in the future (Krauß, 2018). The presence of such investor-friendly environment in Rwanda makes it favourable to develop electric mobility in the country.