Vehicles: Electric Three Wheelers
Electric three-wheelers, also known as E tuk-tuks
or E-rickshaws, are an environmentally-friendly and economical means of urban transport that have been in use for a decade in many developing countries around the globe, including those in Asia, Central and South America, and Africa. E tuk-tuks are replacing fossil-fuelled auto-rickshaws in some countries. This also has the added benefits of directly enhancing ur- ban air quality, contributing to a reduction of carbon emissions, as well as urban noise pollution with sim- ilar or better services. They are good at serving first/ last mile connectivity, covering the distance between a station and a traveller’s final destination, and usually offering cheap and fast transport services.
E tuk-tuks are powered by battery that takes energy from sustainable renewable energy sources, and can be found with various designs and functions. They can be widely used as a means of public transporta- tion and as taxi services. E tuk-tuks used for public transportation have six to eight seats, as in Kathman- du (Nepal) and two to three seats in taxi E tuk-tuks, as in Chang Mai (Thailand), Jabalpur (India) and Stock- holm (Sweden). In Amsterdam (Netherlands), E tuk- tuks are used for ‘last mile solution’ for tourists, serving city tours and shuttle transfer