Batteries are essential components of electric vehicles (EVs). Their potency is key to determining the advantages or otherwise of EVs against conventional fossil-run vehicles. Batteries need to handle high power and high energy capacity but need to do so within a limited weight and space, at an affordable price. This raises concerns over the types of batteries technologies that are needed to drive the sustainability of electric vehicles. Over the years, several battery technologies have been developed including batteries made of Nickel Metal Hydride (NiHM), Nickel Cadmium (NiCd), Lithium, and Lead Acid. Lead acid batteries are primarily designed for purposes of starting, lighting and ignition (SLI) and are regarded as a reliable battery technology. Lithium battery concepts include lithium metal, lithium-ion, lithium-ion polymer, lithium oxygen, and lithium-sulphur with lithium-ion gradually becoming the most common battery for electric vehicles.
Below you will find a selection of relevant tools related to the thematic area.
Policy and Planning tools
Battery design, repurposing, refurbishing and recycling
Factsheet: Repurposing electric vehicle batteries
Factsheet: Battery technologies
Capacity building tools
E-mobility business models